The term Spam refers to unsolicited, unwanted or mass-sent messages, which are distributed primarily through email. Although the term has also been extended to other forms of digital communication, such as instant messages, comments on blogs and publications on social networks. Spam is known for its intrusive and often deceptive nature, used in many cases for advertising, scamming or malware propagation purposes.
The origin of the term Spam in this context comes from a comic sketch by the British group Monty Python, where the brand of a canned meat called SPAM is mentioned repeatedly and excessively. In this way, the word began to be used to describe the practice of sending unsolicited messages in a massive and repetitive way through the Internet.
Spam has evolved in parallel to digital communication technology. The first documented cases of Spam date back to the 70s and 80s with the advent of the first computer networks. However, it was with the popularization of email in the 90s that spam became a widespread problem. Today, it is estimated that a large part of global email traffic consists of Spam.
There are several types of spam, depending on the communication channel used and the purpose of the message. Here are some of the most common types:
Spam is a widely criticized practice due to the problems it generates. Among them, we can highlight:
Despite the various measures taken to combat spam, it remains a persistent problem in digital communication. However, the use of increasingly advanced filtering techniques and user education can help minimize their harmful effects.