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Microsoft is a multinational technology company headquartered in Redmond, Washington, in the United States. It was founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen with the primary goal of developing and selling BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800. Since then, Microsoft has become one of the world's technology giants, known for its Windows operating system and Office productivity suite, among other products and services.

History and evolution

Microsoft got its start in the world of microcomputers in the 1970s. In 1980, IBM chose Microsoft to develop an operating system for its new personal computers, which led to the release of MS-DOS. Nonetheless, it was the launch of Microsoft Windows in 1985 that put Microsoft on the path to becoming a dominant technological power.

In the 1990s, Microsoft released its Office productivity suite, which included programs such as Word and Excel. During this period, Microsoft also entered the Internet world with the release of Internet Explorer.

The company continued to innovate in the twenty-first century with the introduction of its Xbox video game console, Windows Phone mobile operating system and Windows Azure cloud operating system. In 2014, Satya Nadella took over as CEO of Microsoft, replacing Steve Ballmer and taking the company in new directions, with a strong focus on cloud and artificial intelligence.

Products & Services

Microsoft offers a wide range of products and services. Some of the most notable include:

  • Microsoft Windows: This is the most widely used operating system in the world for personal computers. Different versions of Windows have defined the computing experience of millions of users over the years.
  • Microsoft Office: It is a productivity suite that includes programs such as Word for word processing, Excel for spreadsheets, PowerPoint for presentations, and Outlook for email and personal information management.
  • Microsoft Azure: It is a cloud computing platform that offers computing, storage, analytics, artificial intelligence, and many other functionalities to help companies innovate and grow.
  • Microsoft Teams: It is an online collaboration platform that combines chat, video calls, file storage and application integration in one place.
  • Xbox: It is a video game brand that includes a number of video game consoles, games, streaming services, and an online subscription service known as Xbox Live.
  • LinkedIn: It is a social network aimed at professionals and companies that allows users to create professional profiles and connect with colleagues, potential clients and employers.
  • Bing: Bing is Microsoft's search engine that competes with Google in the online search space. Bing also powers other search services, such as Yahoo! Search.
  • Microsoft Surface: It is a series of hardware devices that includes tablets, laptops and all-in-one PCs, designed and produced by Microsoft.
  • Microsoft Edge: It is Microsoft's web browser that was designed to replace Internet Explorer as the default browser in Windows.

Microsoft Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility is a fundamental aspect of Microsoft's operation. The company strives to operate ethically and sustainably, and to have a positive impact on society.

Microsoft has committed to being carbon negative by 2030, meaning the company plans to remove more carbon from the atmosphere than it emits. In addition to reducing its own carbon emissions, Microsoft is also investing in carbon removal technologies.

On inclusion and diversity, Microsoft is working to create an inclusive company culture and to increase the diversity of its workforce. The company has several programs aimed at increasing representation of underrepresented groups in technology, including women, people of color, and people with disabilities.

Microsoft's Cultural Impact

Microsoft has had a significant cultural impact throughout its more than four decades of existence. Its software, from operating systems to productivity apps, has influenced the way people work, play and communicate.

Windows, in particular, has been instrumental in popularizing personal computing, making computers accessible and useful to millions of people around the world. Microsoft's Office suite, which includes programs such as Word, Excel and PowerPoint, has transformed the way people and businesses create and share documents, spreadsheets and presentations.

Moreover, Microsoft's Xbox has had a significant impact on the video game industry, offering a platform for some of the world's most popular and revolutionary games.

Microsoft's cultural impact also extends to its efforts to improve access to technology and computer science education, especially for underrepresented and underserved populations.

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