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Android is an operating system based on the Linux kernel designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance, Android has become one of the most popular operating systems in the world, with a significant market share in the mobile device sector.

It is characterized by being an Open Source operating system for mobile devices. Android's source code is open, which means that any user can use it to build any type of device.

History and evolution of Android

Android's history began long before it became the dominant mobile operating system it is today. Below is its evolution:

  • 2003: Android Inc. is founded in Palo Alto, California, with the initial goal of developing an advanced operating system for digital cameras. However, they soon changed course and began working on a mobile operating system.
  • 2005: Google acquires Android Inc. and redirects the development of the operating system towards smartphones, with the aim of competing with other mobile operating systems such as Symbian and Windows Mobile.
  • 2007: The Open Handset Alliance is announced, a collaboration of several companies, including Google, to develop open standards for mobile devices. Android is revealed as its first product.
  • 2008: The first Android smartphone, the HTC Dream (also known as T-Mobile G1), is launched. Google also launches the first version of the Android app store, now known as the Google Play Store.
  • 2009-2012: Numerous Android updates are released with dessert-based names, such as Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo, Gingerbread, Honeycomb, Ice Cream Sandwich, and Jelly Bean, each of which introduces improvements and new functionality.
  • 2013-2019: Continues the tradition of dessert-based names with the KitKat, Lollipop, Marshmallow, Nougat, Oreo and Pie versions. Android also expands its presence to other devices, such as TVs (Android TV), watches (Wear OS), and cars (Android Auto).
  • 2019-present: Google abandons dessert names and starts numbering its Android versions: Android 10, Android 11, and Android 12. Features such as enhanced privacy permissions, chat bubbles, and gesture control are introduced.

Advantages of Android

The Android operating system offers numerous benefits for both users and software developers, including:

  • Customization: Android is highly customizable, allowing users to adjust the appearance and functionality of their devices to their personal needs and preferences.
  • Compatibility: Android is compatible with a wide variety of devices from different manufacturers, allowing users to choose the device that best suits their needs and budget.
  • Wide range of applications: Android boasts a vast library of apps available through the Google Play Store, offering a variety of apps for almost any purpose.

Disadvantages of Android

Despite its numerous advantages, the Android operating system also has some disadvantages that are important to note:

  • Fragmentation: The wide variety of Android devices available can result in significant fragmentation, which can hinder compatibility and performance of apps on different devices.
  • Operating system updates: Although Google regularly releases new versions of Android, not all devices receive these updates at the same time, which can result in security and functionality inconsistencies between different devices.

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